Artificial intelligence (AI) has many applications to mental health treatments. Outcomes for use of AI in mental health treatment are promising. The authors performed an analysis of ethical and social considerations in the use of AI in psychiatry, psychology, and psychotherapy. Major themes identified were anticipated benefits of AI; harm prevention and data ethics; lack of guidance on development, integration, and training; and potential for misuse. Challenges in applications included risk assessment, referrals, and supervision; respecting patient autonomy; uniqueness of human interactions; ethical issues with algorithms; and long-term effects. The authors review potential long-term implications of AI for mental health services and provide recommendations for developing ethical guidelines related to AI in mental health treatment.

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